Jackson's Valley Campaign
Valley Campaign was Confederate
Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson's
famous spring 1862 campaign through the Shenandoah Valley in
Virginia during the Civil War.
Employing audacity and rapid, unpredictable movements on
interior lines, Jackson's
17,000 men marched 646 miles in 48 days and won several minor
battles as they successfully engaged three Union armies (52,000 men),
preventing them from reinforcing the Union offensive against Richmond.
defeated at the First Battle of Kernstown (March 23, 1862) by
Col. Nathan Kimball who was part of
Union Maj. Gen. Nathaniel P. Banks'
The loss proved to be a strategic Confederate victory
because President Abraham Lincoln reinforced his Valley forces with
troops that had originally been designated for the Peninsula Campaign
On May 8, after more than a month of skirmishing with
Banks, Jackson moved
deceptively to the west of the Valley and drove back elements of
Maj. Gen. John C. Frémont's army in
the Battle of McDowell, preventing a potential combination of the two
Union armies against him.
headed down the Valley once again to confront Banks.
Concealing his movement in the Luray Valley, Jackson
joined forces with Maj. Gen. Richard S.
Ewell and captured the Federal garrison at Front Royal on
May 23, causing Banks to retreat to
On May 25, in the First Battle of Winchester,
Banks and pursued him until the
Union Army crossed the Potomac River into Maryland.
Bringing in Union reinforcements from eastern Virginia,
Brig. Gen. James Shields recaptured
Front Royal and planned to link up with Frémont
now threatened by three small Union armies.
the Valley from Winchester, Jackson
was pursued by Frémont and
On June 8, Ewell
defeated Frémont in the Battle of
Cross Keys and on the following day, crossed the North River to join
forces with Jackson to defeat
Shields in the Battle of Port
Republic, bringing the campaign to a close.
March 23, 1862 B
McDowell, VA -
May 8, 1862 C1
Front Royal, VA
May 23, 1862 C1
I, VA -
May 25, 1862 A
June 8, 1862 B
Republic, VA -
June 9, 1862 B
The class will cover Jackson's Shenandoah Valley Campaign from
March through May. The battles discussed will include Kernstown I,
Winchester I, Cross Keys, Port Republic, and Front Royal.
Battle Animations by
Civil War Animated
Class 1 - Kernstown to McDowell
Class 2 - Front Royal to Port Republic