Union Leadership Crises in the East

Second Bull Run Antietam Fredericksburg
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Overview

  • While Union victories in the West were boosting the fame of Grant and Sherman, leadership failures in the East plagued the Lincoln Administration.

  • John Pope fresh from his victory at New Madrid/Island No. 10. discovers fighting R. E. Lee, Jackson, and Longstreet is much more difficult and the Union is defeated at the Second Battle of Bull Run.

  • Pope is replaced by George McClellan and wins a strategic victory at Antietam in the bloodiest day of the war.  While a battlefield draw, Lee has to abandon his invasion plans and retreat.

  • In December, McClellan's reluctant replacement Ambrose Burnside misses an opportunity, commits his troops in piecemeal fashion, and suffers a devastating defeat at Fredericksburg.

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Revised 11/14/2012