[Battle of Atlanta,
by Kurz and Allison - Courtesy of
July 22, 1864
Please click on link below for map.
Atlanta, Georgia, United States
Atlanta Campaign 
Following the Battle of Peachtree Creek,
General John Bell Hood determined to
attack Maj. Gen. James B. McPherson’s Army
of the Tennessee.
withdrew his main army at night from Atlanta’ s outer line to the inner line,
enticing Sherman to follow.
Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman
Gen. John Bell Hood
Military Division of the
Army of Tennessee
William J. Hardee's corps on a fifteen-mile march to hit the
unprotected Union left and rear, east of the city.
Wheeler’s cavalry was to operate farther out on
Sherman’s supply line, and
Gen. Frank Cheatham’s corps were to
attack the Union front.
had miscalculated the time necessary to make the march, and
Hardee was unable to attack until
had outmaneuvered Sherman for the time
being, McPherson was concerned about his
left flank and sent his reserves to that location.
Two of Hood’s
divisions ran into this reserve force and were repulsed.
The Confederate attack stalled on the Union rear
but began to roll up the left flank.
Determined attacks continued, but the Union forces
About 4:00 pm,
Cheatham’s corps broke through the Union front at the Hurt House,
but Sherman massed twenty artillery pieces
on a knoll near his headquarters to shell these Confederates and halt their
Maj. Gen. John A. Logan’
s XV Army Corps then led a counterattack that restored the Union
The Union troops held, and
Hood suffered high casualties.
[Battlefield Lost Integrity]
1 National Park
- having a decisive influence on a
campaign and a direct impact on the course of the war
having a direct and decisive influence on their campaign
having observable influence on the
outcome of a campaign
having a limited influence on the
outcome of their campaign or operation but achieving or affecting important
3 Casualties are
someone killed, injured, wounded, captured or missing.