Brandy Station, VA

Battle of Brandy Station

[Battle of Brandy Station - Harper's Weekly - Courtesy of Son of the South]

Date(s): June 9, 1863

Campaign(s): Gettysburg Campaign [June-August 1863]

Location: Please click on link below for map.

Brandy Station, Culpeper, Virginia, United States

Battles in Campaign:



  • Union: Maj. Gen. Pleasonton

  • Confederate: Maj. Gen. J. E. B. Stuart

Principal Forces: 

  • Union: 11,000 (3,000 of which were infantry)

  • Confederate: 9,500


  • At dawn June 9, the Union cavalry corps under Maj. Gen. Alfred Pleasonton launched a surprise attack on Stuartís cavalry at Brandy Station.

  • After an all-day fight in which fortunes changed repeatedly, the Federals retired without discovering Leeís infantry camped near Culpeper.

  • This battle marked the apogee of the Confederate cavalry in the East. From this point in the war, the Federal cavalry gained strength and confidence.

  • Brandy Station was the largest cavalry battle of the war and the opening engagement of the Gettysburg Campaign.

Photo Gallery1



Classification2: B


  • Union: 907

  • Confederate: 523

Results: Inconclusive

Battlefield Websites:

Lodging and Restaurants: Virginia Tourism

Recommended Resources:

1 Please click on the image to enlarge it. You may copy the images if you include the following note and link with each image: "Courtesy of"

2 Classification:

  • A - having a decisive influence on a campaign and a direct impact on the course of the war

  • B - having a direct and decisive influence on their campaign

  • C - having observable influence on the outcome of a campaign

  • D - having a limited influence on the outcome of their campaign or operation but achieving or affecting important local objectives

3 Casualties are someone killed, injured, wounded, captured or missing.

Revised 01/19/2018