Chickamauga, GA

Battle of Chickamauga

[Battle of Chickamauga by Kurz and Allison - Courtesy of Wikipedia]

Date(s): September 18-20, 1863  

Location: Please click on link below for map.

Chickamauga and Chattanooga National Military Park (national military park), Georgia, United States

Campaign: Chickamauga Campaign [August-September 1863]

Battles in Campaign:

Situation:

Commanders:

  • Union:  Maj. Gen. William S. Rosecrans and Maj. Gen. George H. Thomas

  • Confederate: Gen. Braxton Bragg and Lt. Gen. James Longstreet

Principal Forces:

  • Union: The Army of the Cumberland

  • Confederate: Army of Tennessee

Description:

  • After the Tullahoma Campaign, Rosecrans renewed his offensive, aiming to force the Confederates out of Chattanooga. The three army corps comprising Rosecrans’ army split and set out for Chattanooga by separate routes.

  • In early September, Rosecrans consolidated his forces scattered in Tennessee and Georgia and forced Bragg’s army out of Chattanooga, heading south.

  • The Union troops followed it and brushed with it at Davis’ Cross Roads.

  • Bragg was determined to reoccupy Chattanooga and decided to meet a part of Rosecrans’ army, defeat them, and then move back into the city. On the 17th he headed north, intending to meet and beat the XXI Army Corps.

  • As Bragg marched north on the 18th, his cavalry and infantry fought with Union cavalry and mounted infantry which were armed with Spencer repeating rifles.

  • Fighting began in earnest on the morning of the 19th, and Bragg’s men hammered but did not break the Union line.

  • The next day, Bragg continued his assault on the Union line on the left, and in late morning, Rosecrans was informed that he had a gap in his line.

  • In moving units to shore up the supposed gap, Rosecrans created one, and James Longstreet’s men promptly exploited it, driving one-third of the Union army, including Rosecrans himself, from the field.

  • George H. Thomas took over command and began consolidating forces on Horseshoe Ridge and Snodgrass Hill.

  • Although the Confederates launched determined assaults on these forces, the Union held until after dark. Thomas then led these men from the field leaving it to the Confederates.

  • The Union retired to Chattanooga while the Confederates occupied the surrounding heights.

Photo Gallery:2

Chickamauga National Battlefield, GA

Chicago Board of Trade Battery

Horse Drawn Artillery Units

Cassion with team (top)

Supply wagon with team (bottom)

Horse Drawn Artillery Units

Cannon with team (top)

Supply wagon wit team (bottom)

Forces in Battle

Army of the Cumberland

Army of Tennessee

Officer's tent

Army blacksmiths working at traveling forge

Spencer rifle

Union soldier

Confederate soldier

James Longstreet

George Thomas - "The Rock of Chickamauga"

Battlefield diorama

12-pounder rifled James

10-pounder Napleon

10-pounder Parrott

6-pounder smoothbore gun

12-pounder howitzer

3-inch ordinance rifle

Confederate battery

Florida Monument

Morning of the second day of battle

15th U.S. Infantry

16th U.S. Infantry

Tour Stop 2

10th Wisconsin Infantry

Ohio Infantry with acorn

33rd Ohio Infantry

94th Ohio Infantry

38th Regiment Indiana Infantry

4th Indiana Battery

1st Wisconsin Infantry

70th Regiment Pennsylvania Infantry

21st Wisconsin Infantry

6th Regiment Indiania Infantry

80th Ohio Infantry

Battery D - 1st Ohio Light Artillery

31st Regiment Indiania Infantry

Battery F - 1st Ohio - Light Artillery

Texas Unit

Texas Unit

Texas Unit

Ohio Infantry Unit

38th Ohio Infantry

Alabama Monument

Battery C - 1st Ohio - Light Artillery

14th Ohio Infantry

Kolb's Alabama Battery

Kolb's Alabama Battery

Headquarters Marker Buckner's Corps

Dick's Brigade

Castle Monument

Wielder's Defense

Site of Widow Glenn's House

39th Regiment Indiana Mounted Infantry

Ohio Sharpshooters

1st Ohio Cavalry

1st Wisconsin Cavalry

5th Wisconsin Battery

2nd Regiment Indiana Cavalry

Illinois Chicago Board of Trade Battery

9th Pennsylvanian Veteran Cavalry

3rd Ohio Cavalry

Tour Stop 7

Rout of the Union Right

Headquarters Marker for Longstreet's Corps

2nd Regiment Minnesota Veteran Volunteer Infantry

2nd Regiment Minnesota Veteran Volunteer Infantry

9th Ohio Infantry

18th Ohio Infantry

Stanley's Brigade

Donnell's Brigade

 

Classification3: A

Casualties4:

  • Union:  16,170

  • Confederate: 18,454

Results: Confederate Victory Miniature Confederate Victory

Battlefield Websites:

Lodging and Restaurants: Georgia Tourism

Recommended Resources:


1 National Park Service summary.

2 Please click on the image to enlarge it. You may copy the images if you include the following note and link with each image: "Courtesy of civil-war-journeys.org."

3 Classification:

  • A - having a decisive influence on a campaign and a direct impact on the course of the war

  • B - having a direct and decisive influence on their campaign

  • C - having observable influence on the outcome of a campaign

  • D - having a limited influence on the outcome of their campaign or operation but achieving or affecting important local objectives

4 Casualties are someone killed, injured, wounded, captured or missing.

Revised 04/12/2013