Fort Barrancas Picture Gallery

On January 12, 1861 Alabama and Florida state militias occupied Fort Barrancas, Fort McRee, the advanced Redoubt, and the navy yard.  Federal forces had moved to Fort Pickens two days earlier.  This produced a tense stalemate at Pensacola that rivaled that at Charleston and Fort Sumter in the weeks before the Civil war began.

General Braxton Bragg took command of the Confederate Army at Pensacola in March.  a strict disciplinarian, Bragg banned alcohol within five miles of the camps and instituted a rigid schedule of drills and fatigue duties. Drilling in the hot sun while closely laced up in heavy woolen uniforms was blamed for much sickness.  Hundreds of soldiers were also stricken by consumption, malaria, and diarrhea.

Action came in September with a raid on the navy yard by about 100 Federal marines and sailors.  Bragg responded in October by burning the camp of 6th New York Infantry on Santa Rosa Island.  Federal forces answered with a massive bombardment on November 22nd and 23rd, heavily damaging Fort McRee and the navy yard.

Confederates abandoned Pensacola in May 1862, and Barrancas saw no further action.

(Source: Fort Barrancas, National Park Service pamphlet)

Fort Barrancas Visitor Center

Muzzle Loading Artillery Muzzle Loading Artillery Model of Fort Barrancas

Barrancas in
Coastal Defenses
  View of
Water Battery

Drawbridge operated by a counterweight and winch, it pivoted a center Ditch - a dry moat covered two sides of the fort Scarp gallery - a series of arches supported the sand fill and allowed access to the loopholes for muskets. Drawbridge mechanism

Constructing the fort Picture of the dry moat in 1861 Diagram of hot
shot furnace
Powder storage

Inside scarp gallery Parade Ground Parade Ground with sites for guns Passage to water battery

Water Battery - constructed by Spanish Restoration
of the water battery
Water battery named Bateria de San Antonio Cannon fire from the battery skipped over the surface of the bay to hit ships at the waterline

Passage to water battery      


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Revised 04/06/2013