Fort Macon, NC


Date(s): March 23-April 26, 1862

Location: Please click on link below for map.

Fort Macon State Park (state park), North Carolina, United States

Campaign(s): Burnsideís North Carolina Expedition [January-July 1862]

Battles in Campaign:



  • Union: Brig. Gen. John G. Parke

  • Confederate: Lt. Col. Moses J. White

Principal Forces:

  • Union: Parkeís Division of Department of North Carolina, 3rd Division

  • Confederate: Fort Macon Garrison


  • In late March, Maj. Gen. Ambrose E. Burnsideís army advanced on Fort Macon, a third system casemated masonry fort that commanded the channel to Beaufort, 35 miles southeast of New Berne.

  • The Union force invested the fort with siege works and, on April 26th, opened an accurate fire on the fort, which soon breached the masonry walls.

  • Within a few hours the fortís scarp began to collapse, and the Confederates hoisted a white flag.

  • This action demonstrated the inadequacy of masonry forts against large-bore, rifled artillery.

Photo Gallery:1

Fort Macon - Built by U.S. Corps of Engineers - 1826-1834

Fort Macon - Guardian of Beaufort Harbor

Map of Fort Macon and Surrounding Area

Legend for Map of Fort Macon and Surrounding Area

Drawing of Fort Macon

Model of Fort Macon

Model of Fort Macon



What is Rifling?

Description of Hot Shot Furnace

Hot Shot Furnace

Prisoner Uniforms

Replica of Model 1841 Navy 32-pounder

Replica of Model 1841 Navy 32-pounder


Slide Presentations2:

  • Burnside's North Carolina Expedition [Under Development]

  • Fort Macon, NC - Microsoft Photo Story with music [4/04/07]

Classification3: C


  • Union10

  • Confederate480

Results: Union Victory Miniature Union Victory

Battlefield Website:

Lodging and Restaurants: North Carolina  Tourism

Recommended Resources:

1 Please click on the image to enlarge it. You may copy the images if you include the following note and link with each image: "Courtesy of"

2 Slide Presentations Click on link to view as web-based slide show.

3 Classification:

  • A - having a decisive influence on a campaign and a direct impact on the course of the war

  • B - having a direct and decisive influence on their campaign

  • C - having observable influence on the outcome of a campaign

  • D - having a limited influence on the outcome of their campaign or operation but achieving or affecting important local objectives

4 Casualties are someone killed, injured, wounded, captured or missing.

Revised 04/06/2013