Fort Sumter, SC II
August 17-December 31, 1863
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Fort Sumter National Monument, Sullivans Island, South Carolina, United States
Operations against Defenses of Charleston
Maj. Gen. Quincy Gillmore
Gen. P.G.T. Beauregard
Morris Island Batteries
Fort Sumter Garrison
Federal batteries erected on Morris Island opened
fire on August 17, with almost 1,000 shells being fired the first day
Within a week, the fort's brick walls were in ruins, but the garrison refused to
surrender and continued to repair and strengthen the defenses.
A U.S. Navy assault took place on September 9 when around 400 sailors and
Marines attacked the fort in row boats. After a hard fought battle the attackers
were repulsed losing five ships and 124 men.
The bombardment continued intermittently until the end of December.
Despite a severe pounding, Fort Sumterís garrison
Siege operations continued against Fort Wagner
from Union positions on Morris Island.
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- having a decisive influence on a
campaign and a direct impact on the course of the war
having a direct and decisive influence on their campaign
having observable influence on the
outcome of a campaign
having a limited influence on the
outcome of their campaign or operation but achieving or affecting important
5 Casualties are
someone killed, injured, wounded, captured or missing.