Fort Sumter, SC II

Date(s): August 17-December 31, 1863

Location: Please click on link below for map.

Fort Sumter National Monument, Sullivans Island, South Carolina, United States

Campaign(s): Operations against Defenses of Charleston [1863]

Battles in Campaign:

Situation:

Commanders: 

  • Union: Maj. Gen. Quincy Gillmore

  • Confederate: Gen. P.G.T. Beauregard

Principal Forces:

  • Union: Morris Island Batteries

  • Confederate: Fort Sumter Garrison

Description:

  • Federal batteries erected on Morris Island opened fire on August 17, with almost 1,000 shells being fired the first day alone.

  • Within a week, the fort's brick walls were in ruins, but the garrison refused to surrender and continued to repair and strengthen the defenses.

  • A U.S. Navy assault took place on September 9 when around 400 sailors and Marines attacked the fort in row boats. After a hard fought battle the attackers were repulsed losing five ships and 124 men.

  • The bombardment continued intermittently until the end of December.

  • Despite a severe pounding, Fort Sumterís garrison held out.

  • Siege operations continued against Fort Wagner from Union positions on Morris Island.

Photo Gallery:2

Slide Presentation3:

Classification4: B

Casualties5:

  • Union: 124

  • Confederate: Unknown

Results: Inconclusive

Battlefield Websites:

Lodging and Restaurants: South Carolina Tourism

Recommended Resources:


1 National Park Service summary.

2 Please click on the image to enlarge it. You may copy the images if you include the following note and link with each image: "Courtesy of civil-war-journeys.org."

3 Slide Presentation Updated on 2/02/07. Click on link to view as web-based slide show.

4 Classification:

  • A - having a decisive influence on a campaign and a direct impact on the course of the war

  • B - having a direct and decisive influence on their campaign

  • C - having observable influence on the outcome of a campaign

  • D - having a limited influence on the outcome of their campaign or operation but achieving or affecting important local objectives

5 Casualties are someone killed, injured, wounded, captured or missing.

Revised 04/06/2013