Fort Wagner, Morris Island, SC
[The Storming of Fort Wagner by Kurz and Allison
- Courtesy of Wikipedia]
July 18-September 7, 1863
Battlefield Unavailable -
Operations against Defenses of
Fort Wagner (also called Battery Wagner) was a fortification on Morris Island,
South Carolina, that covered the southern approach to Charleston harbor.
On July 10, Union artillery on Folly Island
together with Rear Adm. John Dahlgrenís
fleet of ironclads opened fire on Confederate defenses of Morris Island.
The bombardment provided cover for
Brig. Gen. George C. Strongís brigade, which
crossed Light House Inlet and landed by boats on the southern tip of the island.
troops advanced, capturing several batteries, to within range of Confederate
At dawn, July 11th, Strong
attacked the fort.
Soldiers of the 7th Connecticut reached the
parapet but, were thrown back.
Maj. Gen. Quincy Gillmore
Gen. P.G.T. Beauregard
After the July 11th assault on Fort Wagner failed,
Major General Quincy Gillmore reinforced his
beachhead on Morris Island.
At dusk July 18, Gillmore
launched an attack spearheaded by the 54th Massachusetts Infantry, a black
The unitís colonel,
Robert Gould Shaw, was killed.
Members of the brigade scaled the parapet but
after brutal hand-to-hand combat were driven out with heavy casualties.
The Federals resorted to siege operations to
reduce the fort.
This was the fourth time in the war that black
troops played a crucial combat role, proving to skeptics that they would fight
bravely if only given the chance.
[Battlefield Lost Integrity- See
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- having a decisive influence on a
campaign and a direct impact on the course of the war
having a direct and decisive influence on their campaign
having observable influence on the
outcome of a campaign
having a limited influence on the
outcome of their campaign or operation but achieving or affecting important
2 Casualties are
someone killed, injured, wounded, captured or missing.