Harper's Ferry, WV

Date(s): September 12-15, 1862

Location: Please click on link below for map.

Harpers Ferry Visitor Center (visitor center), West Virginia, United States

Campaign(s): Maryland Campaign [September 1862]

Battles in Campaign:

Situation:

Commanders:

  • Union: Col. Dixon S. Miles

  • Confederate: Maj. Gen. Thomas J. Jackson

Principal Forces:

  • Union: Corps

  • Confederate: Corps

Description:

  • Learning that the garrison at Harpers Ferry had not retreated after his incursion into Maryland, Lee decided to surround the force and capture it.

  • He divided his army into four columns, three of which converged upon and invested Harpers Ferry.

  • On September 15, after Confederate artillery was placed on the heights overlooking the town, Union commander Col. Miles surrendered the garrison of more than 12,000.

  • Miles was mortally wounded by a last salvo fired from a battery on Loudoun Heights. 

  • Jackson took possession of Harpers Ferry, then led most of his soldiers to join with Lee at Sharpsburg.

  • After paroling the prisoners at Harpers Ferry, A. P. Hill’s division arrived in time to save Lee’s army from near-defeat at Sharpsburg.

Photo Gallery:

 

Slide Presentation: None

Classification2: B

Casualties3:

  • Union: 44k/173w/12,419 captured

  • Confederate: 39k/247w

Results: Confederate Victory

Battlefield Websites: 

Lodging and Restaurants: West Virginia Tourism

Recommended Resources:


1 National Park Service summary.

2 Classification:

  • A - having a decisive influence on a campaign and a direct impact on the course of the war

  • B - having a direct and decisive influence on their campaign

  • C - having observable influence on the outcome of a campaign

  • D - having a limited influence on the outcome of their campaign or operation but achieving or affecting important local objectives

3 Casualties are someone killed, injured, wounded, captured or missing.

Revised 03/22/2013