[Battle of Jackson,
Mississippi by A.E. Mathews, 31st Reg., O.V.-
Courtesy of Wikipedia]
Date(s): May 14,
Please click on link below for map.
Jackson, Mississippi, United States
Grant's Operations Against Vicksburg
On May 9, 1863, Gen.
Joseph E. Johnston received a dispatch from the Confederate
Secretary of War directing him to “proceed at once to Mississippi and take chief
command of the forces in the field.”
As he arrived in Jackson on the 13th, from Middle
Tennessee, he learned that two army corps from the Union Army of the Tennessee,
the XV, under
Maj. Gen. William T.
Sherman and the XVII under
Maj. Gen. James
Birdseye McPherson, were
advancing on Jackson, intending to cut the city and the railroads off from
Maj. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant
Gen. Joseph E. Johnston and Brig. Gen. John
Army of the Tennessee
consulted with the local commander, Brig. Gen. John
Gregg, and learned that there were only about 6,000 troops to
defend the town.
ordered the evacuation of Jackson and told Gregg
to defend Jackson until the evacuation was completed.
By 10:00 am, both Union army corps were near
Jackson and had engaged the enemy.
Rain, Confederate resistance, and poor defenses
prevented heavy fighting until around 11:00 am, when Union forces attacked in
numbers and slowly pushed the enemy back.
Johnston informed Gregg
that the evacuation was complete and that he should disengage and follow.
After the Confederates left Jackson, the Federal
forces entered the city Jackson and held a celebration in the Bowman House,
Maj. Gen. U.S. Grant
who had been traveling with
The Union forces burned part of the town and cut
the railroad connections with Vicksburg.
evacuation of Jackson was a tragedy because he could have had 11,000 troops at
his disposal by late on the 14th and another 4,000 by the morning of the 15th.
The fall of the former Mississippi state capital
was a blow to Confederate morale.
[Battlefield Lost Integrity]
1 National Park
- having a decisive influence on a
campaign and a direct impact on the course of the war
having a direct and decisive influence on their campaign
having observable influence on the
outcome of a campaign
having a limited influence on the
outcome of their campaign or operation but achieving or affecting important
3 Casualties are
someone killed, injured, wounded, captured or missing.