Jonesborough, GA

Date(s): August 31–September 1, 1864

Location: Please click on link below for map.

Jonesboro, Clayton, Georgia, United States

Campaign: Atlanta Campaign [1864]

Battles in Campaign:

Situation:

Commanders:

  • Union: Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman

  • Confederate: Lt. Gen. William J. Hardee

Principal Forces:

  • Union: Six corps

  • Confederate: Two corps

Description:

  • Sherman had successfully cut Hood’s supply lines in the past by sending out detachments, but the Confederates quickly repaired the damage.

  • In late August, Sherman determined that if he could cut Hood’s supply lines—the Macon & Western and the Atlanta & West Point Railroads—the Confederates would have to evacuate Atlanta.

  • Sherman decided to move six of his seven infantry corps against the supply lines.

  • The army began pulling out of its positions on August 25th to hit the Macon & Western Railroad between Rough and Ready and Jonesborough.

  • To counter the move, Hood sent Lt. Gen. William J. Hardee with two corps to halt and possibly rout the Union troops, not realizing Sherman’s army was there in force.

  • On August 31st, Hardee attacked two Union corps west of Jonesborough but was easily repulsed.

  • Fearing an attack on Atlanta, Hood withdrew one corps from Hardee’s force that night.

  • The next day, a Union corps broke through Hardee’ s troops forcing the Confederates to retreat to Lovejoy’s Station.

  • On the night of September 1st, Hood evacuated Atlanta.

  • While Sherman did cut Hood’s supply line he failed to destroy Hardee’s command.

Slide Presentation: None [Battlefield Lost Integrity]

Classification: A

Casualties:

  • Union: 1,149

  • Confederate: 2,000

Results: Union Victory

Battlefield Websites:

Lodging and Restaurants: Georgia Tourism

Recommended Resources:


1 Classification:

  • A - having a decisive influence on a campaign and a direct impact on the course of the war

  • B - having a direct and decisive influence on their campaign

  • C - having observable influence on the outcome of a campaign

  • D - having a limited influence on the outcome of their campaign or operation but achieving or affecting important local objectives

2 Casualties are someone killed, injured, wounded, captured or missing.

Revised 03/22/2013