Kennesaw Mountain, GA

[Battle of Kenesaw [sic] Mountain,
by Kurz and Allison, 1891 - Courtesy of Wikipedia]

Date(s): June 27, 1864

Location: Please click on link below for map.

Kennesaw Mountain National Battlefield Park (national battlefield), Georgia, United States

Campaign(s): Atlanta Campaign (1864)

Battles in Campaign:

Situation:

Commanders:

  • Union: Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman

  • Confederate: Gen. Joseph E. Johnston

Principal Forces:

  • Union: Military Division of the Mississippi

  • Confederate: Army of Tennessee

Description:

  • On the night of June 18-19, Gen. Joseph E. Johnston, fearing envelopment, withdrew his army to a new, previously selected position astride Kennesaw Mountain.

  • This entrenched arc-shaped line, to the north and west of Marietta, protected the Western & Atlantic Railroad, the supply link to Atlanta.

  • Having defeated General John B. Hood troops at Kolb’s Farm on the 22nd, Sherman was sure that Johnston had stretched his line too thin and, therefore, decided on a frontal attack with some diversions on the flanks.

  • On the morning of June 27, Sherman sent his troops forward after an artillery bombardment.

  • At first, they made some headway overrunning Confederate pickets south of the Burnt Hickory Road, but attacking an enemy that was dug in was futile.

  • The fighting ended by noon, and Sherman suffered high casualties.

Photo Gallery:2

Kennesaw Mountain National Battlefield Park

Role of battle in the Atlanta Campaign

Confederate Leaders

Joseph Johnston and John Bell Hood

Union Leaders

U.S. Grant - William T. Sherman - George Thomas

Other Union Leaders

Battle Flag of Cherokee Dragoons

Kennesaw Mountain Battle Map

Engagement at Kolb's Farm

Fighting in front of Kennesaw

Attack at Pigeon Hill

Assault at Cheatham Hill

Engagement at Otley's Creek

Confederate Soldiers

Union Soldiers

Moving cannons to Little Kennesaw

Reason Sherman targeted Atlanta

Position of Union 15th Corps

Dueling cannons

The fall of Atlanta

The Atlanta Campaign

Union and Confederate troop dispositions on Big and Little Kennesaw

Assault on Pigeon Hill

Confederate earthworks

Marker describing Union attempts to break Confederate line

Trail marker for Pigeon Hill Trail

Marker describing the Union assaults on French's position

Hardage house site

Marker discussing Confederate positions on Cheatham Hill

Description of artillery redoubt which was part of Cleburne's defenses

Confederate artillery battery on Cheatham Hill

Confederate artillery battery on Cheatham Hill

Texas monument

Martin's act of kindness

Union and Confederate positions around the "Dead Angle"

Confederate defenders repulse main Union attack at Cheatham Hill

Position of Confederate camouflaged cannons

Description of building Confederate earthworks at Kennesaw Mountain

Confederate earthworks

Confederate earthworks

Confederate defenses at the "Dead Angle"

Site of Union tunnel

Federal entrenchments

Illinois monument

Monument to Union Captain Neighbour

Path of Union attack on "Dead Angle"

Path of Union attack on "Dead Angle"

Union earthworks

Monument to Captain Fellows

Monument to Illinois soldiers who died at Kennesaw Mountain

Description of engagement at Kolb's Farm

Description of engagement at Kolb's Farm

Description of Confederate attack at Kolb's Farm

Description of Confederate attack at Kolb's Farm

Kolb log house

Kolb log house

Kolb family graves

 

Classification3: B

Casualties4:

  • Union:  3,000

  • Confederate: 1,000

Results: Confederate Victory

Battlefield Website:

Lodging and Restaurants: Georgia Tourism

Recommended Resources:


1 National Park Service summary.

2 Please click on the image to enlarge it. You may copy the images if you include the following note and link with each image: "Courtesy of civil-war-journeys.org."

3 Classification:

  • A - having a decisive influence on a campaign and a direct impact on the course of the war

  • B - having a direct and decisive influence on their campaign

  • C - having observable influence on the outcome of a campaign

  • D - having a limited influence on the outcome of their campaign or operation but achieving or affecting important local objectives

4 Casualties are someone killed, injured, wounded, captured or missing.

Revised 03/22/2013