Malvern Hill, VA

[The Battle of Malvern Hill, Va by Currier and Ives, Courtesy of Wikipedia]

Date(s): July 1, 1862

Location: Please click on link below for map.

Glendale, Henrico, Virginia, United States

Campaign(s): Peninsula Campaign [March-September 1862]

Battles in Campaign:

Situation:

Commanders:

  • Union: Maj. Gen. George B. McClellan

  • Confederate: Gen. Robert E. Lee

Principal Forces:

  • Union: Army of the Potomac (excluding IV Corps)

  • Confederate: Army of Northern Virginia

Description:

  • This was the sixth and last of the Seven Days’ Battles.

  • On July 1, 1862, Gen. Robert E. Lee launched a series of disjointed assaults on the nearly impregnable Union position on Malvern Hill.

  • The Confederates suffered more than 5,300 casualties without gaining an inch of ground.

  • Despite his victory, McClellan withdrew to entrench at Harrison’s Landing on James River, where his army was protected by gunboats.

  • This ended the Peninsula Campaign. 

  • When McClellan’s army ceased to threaten Richmond, Lee sent Jackson to operate against Maj. Gen. John Pope’s army along the Rapidan River, thus initiating the Northern Virginia Campaign.

Photo Gallery:2

Overview of the Battle of Malvern Hill

Marker by the ruins of the Methodist parsonage

Willis Church Parsonage

Ruins of the Methodist parsonage

Map of the Battle of Malvern Hill - Day Seven of the Seven Days Battles

Union defenses on Malvern Hill

Union defenses on Malvern Hill

Description of placement of Confederate batteries

Union artillery devastate the Confederates

Description of the battlefield terrain

The Crew House

Union artillery was placed in front of the house and anchored the left of the Union line

Marker describing the Confederate assault

Map showing Confederate forces attacked the Union artillery position on Malvern Hill

The Last Day - Lee's hopes for complete victory fade

View of Malvern Hill from Union artillery positions

View of Malvern Hill from Union artillery positions

Confederates lost 5,000 men in their attacks on Malvern Hill

View of battlefield from Union right

Couch defends the Union right

Position of Confederate advance on the Union right

"Stonewall" Jackson's troops threaten Union right

 

Classification3: A

Casualties4:

  • Union: 3,214 

  • Confederate: 5,355

Results: Union Victory

Battlefield Website:

Lodging and Restaurants: Virginia Tourism

Recommended Resources:


1 National Park Service summary.

2 Please click on the image to enlarge it. You may copy the images if you include the following note and link with each image: "Courtesy of civil-war-journeys.org."

3 Classification:

  • A - having a decisive influence on a campaign and a direct impact on the course of the war

  • B - having a direct and decisive influence on their campaign

  • C - having observable influence on the outcome of a campaign

  • D - having a limited influence on the outcome of their campaign or operation but achieving or affecting important local objectives

4 Casualties are someone killed, injured, wounded, captured or missing.

Revised 03/22/2013