Memphis, TN I
June 6, 1862
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Memphis, Tennessee, United States
Joint Operations on the Middle Mississippi
Flag-Officer Charles H. Davis and Col. Charles Ellet
Capt. James E. Montgomery and Brig. Gen. M. Jeff
U.S. Ironclads Benton,
Louisville, Carondelet, Cairo, and St. Louis and U.S.
Army Rams Queen of the West and Monarch
C.S. Navy Rams General
Beauregard, General Bragg, General Price, General Van
Dorn, General Thompson, Colonel Lovell, Sumter, and
After the Confederate River Defense Fleet,
commanded by Capt. James E. Montgomery and
Brig. Gen. M. Jeff Thompson (Missouri
State Guard), defeated the Union ironclads at Plum Run Bend, Tennessee, on May 10,
1862, the Confederates retired to Memphis.
Confederate Gen. P.G.T. Beauregard
out of Fort Pillow and Memphis on June 4th, after learning of Union
Henry W. Halleck’s occupation of Corinth, Mississippi.
camped outside Memphis, and Montgomery’s
fleet were the only force available to
meet the Union naval threat to the city.
From Island No. 45, just north of
Memphis, Flag-Officer Charles H. Davis and
Col. Charles Ellet launched a naval
attack on Memphis after 4:00 am on June 6th.
The Union fleet arrived off Memphis about 5:30 am
the battle began.
In the hour and a half battle, the Union boats sank or
captured all but one of the Confederate vessels.
Immediately following the battle,
Col. Ellet’s son, Medical Cadet Charles Ellet,
Jr., met the mayor of Memphis and raised the Union colors over the courthouse.
Later, Flag-Officer Davis officially received the surrender of the city from the
The Indiana Brigade, commanded by
Col. G. N. Fitch, occupied the city.
Memphis, an important commercial and economic
center on the Mississippi River, had fallen, opening another section of the
Mississippi River to Union shipping.
1 National Park
- having a decisive influence on a
campaign and a direct impact on the course of the war
having a direct and decisive influence on their campaign
having observable influence on the
outcome of a campaign
having a limited influence on the
outcome of their campaign or operation but achieving or affecting important
3 Casualties are
someone killed, injured, wounded, captured or missing.