Mine Run, VA

Date(s): November 27-December 2, 1863

Location: Please click on link below for map.

Mine Run, Orange, Virginia, United States

Campaign(s): Mine Run Campaign [November-December 1863]

Battles in Campaign:



  • Union: Maj. Gen. George G. Meade

  • Confederate: Gen. Robert E. Lee

Principal Forces:

  • Union: 69,643

  • Confederate: 44,426


  • Payneís Farm and New Hope Church were the first and heaviest clashes of the Mine Run Campaign.

  • In late November 1863, Meade attempted to steal a march through the Wilderness and strike the right flank of the Confederate army south of the Rapidan River. 

  • Maj. Gen. Jubal A. Early in command of Ewell's Corps marched east on the Orange Turnpike to meet the advance of William Frenchís III Corps near Payneís Farm.

  • Carrís division attacked twice.

  • Johnsonís division counterattacked but was scattered by heavy fire and broken terrain.

  • After dark, Lee withdrew to prepared field fortifications along Mine Run.

  • The next day the Union army closed on the Confederate position.

  • Skirmishing was heavy, but a major attack did not materialize.

  • Meade concluded that the Confederate line was too strong to attack and retired during the night of December 1-2, ending the winter campaign.

Slide Presentation: None

Classification1: B


  • Union: 1,272

  • Confederate: 680

Results: Inconclusive

Battlefield Websites: 

Lodging and Restaurants: Virginia Tourism

Recommended Resources:

1 Classification:

  • A - having a decisive influence on a campaign and a direct impact on the course of the war

  • B - having a direct and decisive influence on their campaign

  • C - having observable influence on the outcome of a campaign

  • D - having a limited influence on the outcome of their campaign or operation but achieving or affecting important local objectives

2 Casualties are someone killed, injured, wounded, captured or missing.

Revised 03/15/2013