Mobile Bay, AL

Battle of Mobile Bay

[The Battle of Mobile Bay by Louis Prang - Courtesy of Wikipedia]

Date(s): August 2-23, 1864

Campaign(s): Operations in Mobile Bay [1864]

Battles in Campaign:

Situation:

Commanders:

  • Union: Adm. David G. Farragut and Maj. Gen. Gordon Granger

  • Confederate: Adm. Franklin Buchanan and Brig. Gen. Richard L. Page

Principal Forces:

  • Union: Farragut’s Fleet (14 wooden ships and 4 monitors) and U.S. army forces near Mobile 

  • Confederate: Buchanan’s Flotilla (3 gunboats and an ironclad), Fort Morgan Garrison, Fort Gaines Garrison, and Fort Powell Garrison

Description:

  • A combined Union force initiated operations to close Mobile Bay to blockade running.

  • Some Union forces landed on Dauphin Island and laid siege to Fort Gaines.

  • On August 5, Adm. David G. Farragut’s Union fleet of eighteen ships entered Mobile Bay and received a devastating fire from Forts Gaines and Morgan and other points. 

  • After passing the forts, Farragut forced the Confederate naval forces, under Adm. Franklin Buchanan, to surrender, which effectively closed Mobile Bay.

  • By August 23, Fort Morgan, the last big holdout, fell, shutting down the port.

  • Mobile was not captured.

Photo Gallery:2

Strategic Situation August 22, 1864 - March 1865

The Battle of Mobile Bay - Phase I

Strategic Situation March - July 1864

View of Mobile, the Confederate obstructions guarding the city, and the Federal fleet from the upper bay

Union assault on Fort Gaines

"Damn the Torpedos!"

Union Assault on Fort Morgan

Fort Morgan

Movement to Battle July - August 1864

Union Assault on Fort Gaines

Battle of Mobile Bay - Phase I

Assault on Fort Morgan

Fort Morgan

Fort Morgan

Storm Clouds Gather - Fort Morgan - The Overland Campaign

Fort Morgan

Fort Morgan

Fort Morgan

Fort Morgan

Fort Morgan

Fort Morgan

Fort Morgan

Fort Morgan

Fort Morgan

Fort Morgan

Fort Morgan

Fort Morgan

Fort Morgan

Fort Morgan

Fort Morgan

Fort Morgan

Fort Morgan

Farragut's ships passing Fort Morgan

Eleven- inch forward pivot gun in action

Fort Morgan's water battery engages Federal fleet.

The CSS Tennessee attacks U.S. ships Richmond and Lackawana

The CSS Selma surrenders to the USS Metacomet

The CSS Ram Tennessee surrenders

Fort Morgan

The USS Lackawana rams the CSS Tennessee

CSS Tennessee

Fort Morgan

Feint to Fowl River by Union Gen. Moore's Brigade

Fort Morgan

Fort Morgan

Fort Morgan

Fort Morgan

Fort Morgan

Fort Morgan

Fort Morgan

Fort Morgan

Fort Morgan

Fort Morgan

Plan of Fort Morgan

Plan of Fort Morgan

March of XIII Corps to Bayou Portage

Strategic situation in the Gulf from August 22, 1864 to March 1865

Approaching Fort Gaines via the ferry from Fort Morgan

Fort Gaines - Established in 1821

Fort Gaines

Fort Gaines

Fort Gaines

Fort Gaines

Fort Gaines

Fort Gaines

Fort Gaines

Fort Gaines

Fort Gaines

Fort Gaines

Fort Gaines

Shell hit from USS Chickasaw during battle of Mobile Bay - Fort Gaines

Fort Gaines

Fort Gaines

Fort Gaines

Fort Gaines

Fort Gaines

Fort Gaines

"Damn the torpedoes!"

Fort Gaines

Union bombardment of Fort Powell

Fort Gaines

Fort Gaines

Fort Gaines

Fort Gaines

Bastion Magazine - Fort Gaines

Bakery - Fort Gaines

Fort Gaines

Fort Gaines

Fort Gaines

Latrine - Fort Gaines

Latrine - Fort Gaines

Quartermaster Building - Fort Gaines

Quartermaster Building - Fort Gaines

Quartermaster Building - Fort Gaines

Fort Gaines

Fort Gaines

Fort Gaines

Fort Gaines

Fort Gaines

Fort Gaines

Fort Gaines

Fort Gaines

Fort Gaines

Fort Gaines

Fort Gaines

Fort Gaines

Fort Gaines

Fort Gaines

Fort Gaines

 

Slide Presentations3:

Classification4: A

Casualties5:

  • Union: 322

  • Confederate: 1,500

Results: Union Victory

Battlefield Website:

Lodging and Restaurants: Alabama Tourism

Recommended Resources:


1 National Park Service summary.

2 Please click on the image to enlarge it. You may copy the images if you include the following note and link with each image: "Courtesy of civil-war-journeys.org."

3 Slide Presentation Published on 8/19/07. Click on link to view as web-based slide show.

4 Classification:

  • A - having a decisive influence on a campaign and a direct impact on the course of the war

  • B - having a direct and decisive influence on their campaign

  • C - having observable influence on the outcome of a campaign

  • D - having a limited influence on the outcome of their campaign or operation but achieving or affecting important local objectives

5 Casualties are someone killed, injured, wounded, captured or missing.

Revised 03/15/2013