New Madrid and Island No. 10, MO
[Bombardment and Capture of Island Number Ten - Courtesy of Wikipedia]
February 28-April 8, 1862
Please click on link below for map.
New Madrid, New Madrid, Missouri, United States
Joint Operations on the Middle Mississippi
Brig. Gen. John Pope and Flag-Officer Andrew H. Foote
Brig. Gen. John P. McCown and Brig. Gen. William W. Mackall
Army of the Mississippi
Garrisons of New Madrid and Island No. 10
With the surrender of Forts Henry and Donelson,
Tennessee, and the evacuation of Columbus, Kentucky,
Gen. P. G. T. Beauregard,
commander of the Confederate Army of the Mississippi, chose Island No. 10, about
60 river miles below Columbus, to be the strongpoint for defending the
Nearby was New Madrid, one of the weak points.
John Pope, commander of the Union Army of the Mississippi, set out from
Commerce, Missouri, to attack New Madrid, on February 28.
The force marched
overland through swamps, lugging supplies and artillery, reached the New Madrid
outskirts on March 3, and laid siege to the city.
Brig. Gen. John P. McCown,
the garrison commander, defended both New Madrid and Island No. 10 from the
He launched a sortie, under
Brig. Gen. M. Jeff Thompson, Missouri State Guard, against
the besiegers and brought up heavy artillery to bombard them.
On the 13th, the Confederates bombarded the
Yankees to no avail.
Since it did not appear possible to defend New Madrid, the Confederate gunboats
and troops evacuated to Island No. 10 and Tiptonville.
On the 14th, Pope’s army
discovered that New Madrid was deserted and moved in to occupy it. A U.S. Navy
flotilla, under the command of Flag-Officer Andrew H. Foote, arrived March 15
upstream from Island No. 10.
The ironclad Carondelet on the night of April 4
passed the Island No. 10 batteries and anchored off New Madrid.
Pittsburgh followed on the night of April
The ironclads helped to overawe the Confederate
batteries and guns, enabling Pope’s men to cross the river and block the
Confederate escape route.
Brig. Gen. William W. Mackall, who replaced
surrendered Island No. 10 on April 8. The Mississippi was now open down to Fort
[Battlefield Lost Integrity]
- having a decisive influence on a
campaign and a direct impact on the course of the war
having a direct and decisive influence on their campaign
having observable influence on the
outcome of a campaign
having a limited influence on the
outcome of their campaign or operation but achieving or affecting important
2 Casualties are
someone killed, injured, wounded, captured or missing.