Olustee, FL

[Battle of Olustee - Courtesy of Wikipedia]

Date(s): February 20, 1864

Location: Please click on link below for map.

Olustee, Baker, Florida, United States

Campaign(s): Florida Expedition [1864]

Battles in Campaign:

Situation:

  • In February 1864, the commander of the Department of the South, Maj. Gen. Quincy A. Gillmore, launched an expedition into Florida to secure Union enclaves, sever Confederate supply routes, and recruit black soldiers.

Commanders:

  • Union: Brig. Gen. Truman Seymour

  • Confederate: Brig. Gen. Joseph Finegan

Principal Forces:

  • Union: Division (5,500)

  • Confederate: District of East Florida (5,000)

Description:

  • Brig. Gen. Truman Seymour moved deep into the state, occupying, destroying, and liberating.

  • On February 20, Seymour approached Brig. Gen. Joseph Fineganís 5,000 Confederates entrenched near Olustee. 

  • One Confederate infantry brigade moved out to meet Seymourís advance units. 

  • The Union forces attacked but were repulsed.

  • The battle raged and when Finegan committed the last of his reserves, the Union line broke and began to retreat.

  • Finegan did not exploit the retreat, allowing most of the fleeing Union forces to reach Jacksonville.

Photo Gallery:1

Olustee Battlefield

Florida and the Confederacy

Union activity in Florida

Advance of Brig. Gen. Truman Seymour's Union troops to Olustee

Diorama of Olustee battle

Map of Olustee Battlefield

Graphic of Olustee Battlefield

How Many Will Die?

Graphic showing Union and Confederate commanders

Graphic of battle with military terms

The Yankees are Coming

Union cavalry drives Confederate cavalry to the west

Battlefield trail

Fight or Die

The Battle Intensifies

The Union Advance is Stopped

Confusion Under Fire

The Forces are Fully Engaged

The Battle Rages

A Bloody Massacre

Hold that Line

Union Forces Retreat

Retreat

Cries and Cheers

Olustee Battle Monuments

Olustee Battle Monuments

Olustee Battle Monument

Inscription on Olustee Battle Monument

Monument to Gen. Alfred Holt Colquitt - "Hero of Olustee"

Monument to Brig. Gen. Joseph Finegan

 

Classification2: B

Casualties3:

  • Union: 1,860

  • Confederate: 946

Results: Confederate Victory

Battlefield Websites:

Lodging and Restaurants: Florida Tourism

Recommended Resources:


1 Please click on the image to enlarge it. You may copy the images if you include the following note and link with each image: "Courtesy of civil-war-journeys.org."

2 Classification:

  • A - having a decisive influence on a campaign and a direct impact on the course of the war

  • B - having a direct and decisive influence on their campaign

  • C - having observable influence on the outcome of a campaign

  • D - having a limited influence on the outcome of their campaign or operation but achieving or affecting important local objectives

3 Casualties are someone killed, injured, wounded, captured or missing.

Revised 03/08/2013