Saltville, VA I

Date(s): October 2, 1864

Campaign(s): Burbridge’s Raid into Southwest Virginia [September-October 1864]

Battles in Campaign:



  • Union: Brig. Gen. Stephen Burbridge

  • Confederate:  Brig. Gen. Alfred E. Jackson

Principal Forces:

  • Union:

  • Confederate:


  • Union cavalry and infantry raiders led by Brig. Gen. Stephen Burbridge attempted to destroy the salt works near Saltville, VA.

  • Burbridge was delayed at Clinch Mountain and Laurel Gap by a makeshift Confederate force, allowing Brig. Gen. Alfred E. Jackson to concentrate troops near Saltville to meet the Union force.

  • On the morning of October 1st, the Federals attacked but made little headway.

  • Confederate reinforcements continued to arrive during the day. 

  • After day-long fighting, Burbridge retired without accomplishing his objective.

  • Afterwards, Confederate soldiers were said to have murdered, captured, and wounded black soldiers.

Photo Gallery:1

History of Saltville Valley

Saltville valley

Saltville History

Description of Union Maj. Gen. Stoneman's attack on Saltville

Old salt works at Salt Park

Description of Stoneman's raid on saltworks

Description of Saltville defenses

Salt furnace with original kettles

Salt kettles

Salt kettles

Salt well walking beam pump

Salt well walking beam pump

Salt well walking beam pump

Ruins of original salt furnace

Hollowed-out log pipe

Description of the battle at Cedar Branch in defense of salt works

Overview of battlefield

Overview of battlefield

Overview of battlefield

Description of Stoneman's engagement at Greever's Switch


Classification2: C

Casualties3: 458 Total

  • Union:

  • Confederate:

Results: Confederate Victory

Battlefield Websites:

Lodging and Restaurants: Virginia Tourism

Recommended Resources:

1 Please click on the image to enlarge it. You may copy the images if you include the following note and link with each image: "Courtesy of"

2 Classification:

  • A - having a decisive influence on a campaign and a direct impact on the course of the war

  • B - having a direct and decisive influence on their campaign

  • C - having observable influence on the outcome of a campaign

  • D - having a limited influence on the outcome of their campaign or operation but achieving or affecting important local objectives

3 Casualties are someone killed, injured, wounded, captured or missing.

Revised 02/22/2012