Sand Creek, CO

[The Battle at Sand Creek, Colorado by O. Y. Rookstool - Courtesy of Wikipedia]

Date(s): November 29-30, 1864

Campaign: Sand Creek Campaign [1864]

Battles in Campaign:



  • Union:  Col. John Chivington

  • Indian: Black Kettle, Cheyenne

Principal Forces:

  • Union: Third Colorado Regiment (approx. 700 men) 

  • Indian: 500 Cheyenne and a few Arapahos


  • Scattered Indian raids had caused much ill-will between the white settlers and the Native Americans.

  • In the autumn, Territorial (Colorado) officers had offered a vague amnesty if Indians reported to army forts.

  • Black Kettle with many Cheyenne and a few Arapahos, believing themselves to be protected, established a winter camp about 40 miles from Fort Lyon.

  • On November 29, Col. John Chivington, who advocated Indian extermination, arrived near the camp, having marched there from Fort Lyon.

  • In spite of the American flag and a white flag flying over the camp, the troops attacked, killing and mutilating about 200 of the Indians, two-thirds of whom were women and children.

Slide Presentation: None

Classification1: B


  • Union: Unknown

  • Indian: 200

Results: Union Victory

Battlefield Websites: 

Recommended Resources:

1 Classification:

  • A - having a decisive influence on a campaign and a direct impact on the course of the war

  • B - having a direct and decisive influence on their campaign

  • C - having observable influence on the outcome of a campaign

  • D - having a limited influence on the outcome of their campaign or operation but achieving or affecting important local objectives

2 Casualties are someone killed, injured, wounded, captured or missing.

Revised 02/22/2011