Spotsylvania Court House, VA

[Battle of Spotsylvania--Engagements at Laurel Hill & NY River, Va.
by Kurz & Allison - Courtesy of Wikipedia]

Date(s): May 8-21, 1864

Location: Please click on link below for map.

Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania National Military Park (national military park), Virginia, United States

Campaign(s): Grantís Overland Campaign (May-June 1864)

Battles in Campaign:



  • Union: Lt. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant and Maj. Gen. George G. Meade

  • Confederate: Gen. Robert E. Lee

Principal Forces:

  • Union: 100,000

  • Confederate: 52,000


  • After the Wilderness battle, Grantís and Meadeís advance on Richmond by the left flank was halted at Spotsylvania Court House on May 8.

  • This two-week battle was a series of engagements along the Spotsylvania front.

  • The Union attack against the Bloody Angle at dawn, May 12-13, captured nearly a division of Leeís army and nearly cut the Confederate army in half until Confederate counterattacks filled the gap.

  • Fighting continued for nearly 20 hours in some of the most ferocious combat of the Civil War.

  • On May 19, a Confederate attempt to turn the Union right flank at Harris Farm was repulsed with severe casualties.

  • On May 21, Grant disengaged and continued his advance on Richmond.

Photo Gallery:2

Massaponax Church

Massaponax Church

Spotsyvania Campaign - May 8, 1864

The Battle of Spotsylvania Court House Tour Map

Spotsyvania Campaign - May 9-14, 1864

Spotsyvania Campaign Situation Map - May 8-10, 1864

Spotsyvania Campaign - May 10, 1864

Upton's Attack - 6 pm - May 10, 1864

Exploitation of the "Mule Shoe" - Spotsyvania Campaign - May 12, 1864

The Bloody Angle - Spotsyvania Campaign - May 12, 1864

The Bloody Angle - Spotsyvania Campaign - May 12, 1864

Site of 22-inch oak tree felled by small arms fire

Monument to 15th regiment of the New Jersey Volunteers

Monument to 128th Ohio Regiment

Generals Hancock and Wright Fighting for the Enemy's Rifle-pits

Confederate rifle pits

Picture of Union Attack on Cofederate Position

Trail to Bloody Angle

West Face of the Mule Shoe - Spotsyvania Campaign - May 10, 1864

Harrison House - Spotsyvania Campaign - May 12, 1864

Mayhem in the Mule Shoe

The McCoull House - Spotsyvania Campaign - May 12, 1864

The McCoull House

Site of the McCoull House

Confederate Trenches - Spotsyvania Campaign - May 12, 1864

Hancock's Attack on Ewell's Confederate Trenches

Federal Attack - Spotsyvania Campaign - May 12, 1864

Burnside Fails to Dent Eastern Face of Confederate Saliant Held by Early's Corps


Classification2: A


  • Union: 18,000

  • Confederate: 12,000

Results: Inconclusive

Battlefield Websites:

Lodging and Restaurants: Virginia Tourism

Recommended Resources:

1 National Park Service summary.

2 Please click on the image to enlarge it. You may copy the images if you include the following note and link with each image: "Courtesy of"

3 Classification:

  • A - having a decisive influence on a campaign and a direct impact on the course of the war

  • B - having a direct and decisive influence on their campaign

  • C - having observable influence on the outcome of a campaign

  • D - having a limited influence on the outcome of their campaign or operation but achieving or affecting important local objectives

4 Casualties are someone killed, injured, wounded, captured or missing.

Revised 03/01/2013