Winchester, VA I

Date(s): May 25, 1862

Campaign(s): Jackson’s Shenandoah Valley Campaign [1862]

Battles in Campaign:

Situation:

Commanders:

  • Union: Maj. Gen. Nathaniel P. Banks

  • Confederate: Maj. Gen. T. J. Jackson

Principal Forces:

  • Union: 6,500

  • Confederate: 16,000

Description:

  • After skirmishing with Maj. Gen. Nathaniel P. Banks’ retreating army at Middletown and Newtown on May 24, Maj. Gen. T. J. Jackson’s division continued north on the Valley Pike toward Winchester.

  • There, Banks was attempting to reorganize his army to defend the town.

  • Ewell’s division converged on Winchester from the southeast using the Front Royal Pike.

  • On May 25, Ewell attacked Camp Hill, while the Louisiana Brigade of Jackson’s division outflanked and overran the Union position on Bowers Hill.

  • Panic spread through the Federal ranks, and many fled through Winchester.

  • Banks’ army was soundly defeated and withdrew north across the Potomac River. This was a decisive battle in Jackson’s Valley Campaign.

Slide Presentation: None [Battlefield Lost Integrity]

Classification2: A

Casualties3:

  • Union: 2,019

  • Confederate: 400

Results: Confederate Victory

Battlefield Website:

Lodging and Restaurants: Virginia Tourism

Recommended Resources:


1 National Park Service summary.

2 Classification:

  • A - having a decisive influence on a campaign and a direct impact on the course of the war

  • B - having a direct and decisive influence on their campaign

  • C - having observable influence on the outcome of a campaign

  • D - having a limited influence on the outcome of their campaign or operation but achieving or affecting important local objectives

3 Casualties are someone killed, injured, wounded, captured or missing.

Revised 03/01/2013