Second Bull Run (Manassas), VA

Date(s): August 28-30, 1862

Location: Please click on link below for map.

Manassas National Battlefield Park, Virginia, United States

Campaign(s): Northern Virginia Campaign [June-September 1862]  

Battles in Campaign:

Situation:

Commanders:

  • Union: Maj. Gen. John Pope

  • Confederate: Gen. Robert E. Lee and Maj. Gen. Thomas J. Jackson

Principal Forces:

  • Union: Armies

  • Confederate: Armies

Description:

  • In order to draw Pope’s army into battle, Jackson ordered an attack on a Federal column that was passing across his front on the Warrenton Turnpike on August 28.

  • The fighting at Brawner Farm lasted several hours and resulted in a stalemate.  Pope became convinced that he had trapped Jackson and concentrated the bulk of his army against him.

  • On August 29, Pope launched a series of assaults against Jackson’s position along an unfinished railroad grade.

  • The attacks were repulsed with heavy casualties on both sides.

  • At noon, Longstreet arrived on the field from Thoroughfare Gap and took position on Jackson’s right flank. 

  • On August 30, Pope renewed his attacks, seemingly unaware that Longstreet was on the field.

  • When massed Confederate artillery devastated a Union assault by Fitz John Porter’s command, Longstreet’s wing of 28,000 men counterattacked in the largest, simultaneous mass assault of the war.

  • The Union left flank was crushed and the army driven back to Bull Run. Only an effective Union rearguard action prevented a replay of the First Manassas disaster.

  • Pope’s retreat to Centreville was precipitous, nonetheless.  The next day, Lee ordered his army in pursuit. This was the decisive battle of the Northern Virginia Campaign.

Photo Gallery:2

Manassas National Battlefield Park

Battle of Second Manassas - Campbell's Battery (B - 4th U.S. Artillery)

Map of Second Bull Run

Company B 4th U.S. Artillery

Company B 4th U.S. Artillery

Pope's Headquarters

Fight at the Fence Line

Fight at the Fence Line

Fight at the Fence Line

 

Classification3: A

Casualties4:

  • Union: 13,830

  • Confederate: 8,350

Results: Confederate Victory Miniature Confederate Victory

Battlefield Websites:

Lodging and Restaurants: Virginia Tourism

Recommended Resources:


1 National Park Service summary.

2 Please click on the image to enlarge it. You may copy the images if you include the following note and link with each image: "Courtesy of civil-war-journeys.org."

3 Classification:

  • A - having a decisive influence on a campaign and a direct impact on the course of the war

  • B - having a direct and decisive influence on their campaign

  • C - having observable influence on the outcome of a campaign

  • D - having a limited influence on the outcome of their campaign or operation but achieving or affecting important local objectives

4 Casualties are someone killed, injured, wounded, captured or missing.

Revised 03/22/2013